Discover the Ancient Mayan City of Chichen Itza
The ancient Mayan city of Chichen Itza lies 45 minutes west of Valladolid on the Mexican Yucatán Peninsula. Nestled amongst dense jungle, the well-preserved city allows you to travel back in time to when this region was home to around 50,000 people.
The Mayans were known for their precise building techniques, mathematical prowess and interest in astronomy and were more advanced in knowledge than the Romans, Egyptians and Greeks. They created an accurate calendar, displayed in El Castillo – the Great Pyramid on site.
The pyramid, built to appease god Kukulkan, has 91 steps on each side with a final step at the temple summit. Added together these equate to each day of the year – 365 in total. This shows that the Mayan community constructed their buildings with a precise mathematical purpose. Along the side of the pyramid, a sculpture of the feathered serpent winds its way from top to bottom.
If you visit during spring or autumn equinox at sunset, you’ll see an optical illusion of the serpent slithering down the side of the pyramid! As there are 12 well-preserved buildings to discover in Chichen Itza, you can discover what lies inside the great pyramid, see unique statues which have been unearthed and learn more about Mayan culture.